Renewable energy in Italy, the 70-GW challenge to stop the gas emergency: Government pressure (and the licensing problem)

The goal is clear: to speed up to the maximum on renewable To tighten the pace of energy independence from gas, and therefore from the outside. Despite government simplification efforts, including a simplification decree that opened an emergency licensing race, Energy Decree With solar panels and Pnrr as a driving force for investments, there is still a long way to go to reach the Paris targets. To achieve the goal, says Moths, Italy must install a number of wind and photovoltaic plants in the next nine years, equivalent to about 70 gigawatts, which is about 8 gigawatts per year while today we are installing 0.8. Since last fall, the government has “unblocked” projects for about 1.4 gigawatts, about half of 3 gigawatts of renewable plants that have failed even if they had a proper environmental impact assessment, being blocked by the regulatory authorities.

To speed up the timing of new plants, the sector is counting on the Via Pnrr-Pniec Supercommission. In 2021 there was a boost compared to previous years. According to the FER observatory set up by ANIE Rinnovabili, an association of ANIE, on the basis of data from Terna Gaudì for 2021, about 1.3 GW of renewables (approximately 1 of photovoltaic cells) have accumulated, amounting to a total of 57.7 GW installed in Italy. To achieve the goals by 2030, and to close the gap, it is necessary to accelerate the development of renewable energy sources, intervene in authorization barriers, and issue executive measures to the legislative decree implementing RED II, ensuring regulatory stability and implementation of PNRR. association. A very ambitious target given that, according to a recent district report by the Elemens Study Center with Public Affairs Advisers, more than 90% of wind and solar plants submitted for approval last year are still parked.

government road

The topic is very central, completely gas emergency. Prime Minister Draghi recently explained in Parliament: “In order to have real energy security, without deep bureaucratic simplification, especially with regard to our goals of increasing production of renewables, we must move quickly.” “The big obstacle to expansion is the licensing procedure. If we don’t get around this problem, we’re not going anywhere. We intend to honor the National Recovery and Resilience Plan target of 70 gigawatts of renewables by 2026, if licenses are issued.” A job that the government cannot do alone. But which necessarily requires active cooperation from the region and regional authorities. The Prime Minister stressed that in This particularly difficult historical moment, “certain licensing considerations” are no longer justified.A call to action with the promise of already working to unlock tens of gigawatts of offshore wind.

independence

According to the forecasts of Elettricità futura (the association of electric operators Confindustria which, with more than 500 companies, accounts for 70% of the Italian electricity market) it is possible to install 60 gigawatts in the next three years, only a third of connection requests have been received to Terna, providing 15 billion cubic meters of gas per year, or 20% of imported gas, and that the sector is ready to invest 85 billion euros. But all licenses must be issued by June.

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