The International Renewable Energy Agency, IRENA, has released its annual statistical report, and despite the global uncertainty raised by the pandemic, the document shows how the renewable energy sector continued to grow and gain momentum in 2021 as well.
as stated in Renewable Energy Statistics Report 2022At the end of 2021, the global production capacity of energy production from renewable sources has reached 3064 gigawatts (GW), equivalent to a 9.1% increase Compared to the previous year and equal to 50% more compared to 2019.
Distribution of renewable energies
As mentioned, in 2021 global production of renewable energy reached 3,064 gigawatts, but where do all these new gigawatts come from? Irina’s report illustrates this.
Hydropower, which covers the largest share of the world total, dominates with a capacity 1230 gigawatts. Solar and wind energy are roughly equal, respectively 849 gigawatts And 825 gigawatts.
As for other renewable sources, we find bioenergy 143 GWone with geothermal energy 16 GW Which produced by the waves of the sea with it 524 MW.
Compared to 2020, renewable energies increased last year 257 gigawattsequals +9.1%. With An increase of 133 gigawatts equals + 19%Solar energy is certainly driving the expansion of renewable energy, followed by Wind power 93 GW, +13%. who – which hydroelectricity and the Bioenergy straight increased 18 GW + 2% and 10 GW equals + 8%. As for energy instead Geothermalthis recorded an increase of 1.6 gigawatts.
In the total increase in energy from renewable sources, Solar and wind energy account for 88%.
Renewable energy in Europe
Green share in the overall expansion of Power generation set a record 81%. By the end of 2021, renewable energies covered one 38.3% of the total electricity productionwhich is a large number compared to 26.2% in 2012.
European Union last year by 6.8% Its ability to produce electricity from renewable sources, bringing production to 512 gigawatts.
Looking at the member states of Southeast Europe, only Cyprus An above-average increase was recorded. thanks for the The new solar systemher share of Green energy covers 21.5% with a total of 486 MW.
at Greecethanks for adding 11.5 GW of wind and solar energythere was an increase of 5.5% which resulted in the country getting a green share of 54.5% of total energy production.
Turkish expansion exceeds that of the European Union, but slips below the global average
The remaining EU member states experienced little or no growth. However, even in 2021, Turkey continued its expansion in renewable energy, albeit slightly below the global average. In fact, he recorded a file + 8.2% increase equals 53.2 gigawatts. To give a big boost to the country was definitelyWind power which increased by 20.1%. to produce 10.6 gigawatts.
In March of this year, Turkey announced that its total electricity generation capacity has exceeded 100 gigawatts Renewable energies cover the share of 54%.. Moreover, Turkey plans to produce by 2030 20 gigawatts thanks to wind power. According to some estimates, the The total capacity of the country to produce offshore wind is 70 GW.
The IRENA report also highlights how the . file is used Solar capacity increased 17.2% in 2021, equal to 7.8 gigawatts more. Moreover, also in the front of the Bioenergy It achieved amazing growth, in fact, thanks to the addition of 1.6 gigawatts, recorded a +49% increase.
The push from the Asian front and the global situation
With its contribution, Asia has given the greatest impetus to the production of renewable energy. In fact, its production in 2021 reached 1.46 TWh, Covering 60% of new energy production from renewable sources worldwide. In the Asian continent was China To contribute more thanks to the addition 121 gigawatts.
L ‘Europe and North America are ranked second and third, respectively, With the first thing he added to his production 38 gigawattswhile the second 38 gigawatts.
at Renewable energy capacity in Africa grew by 3.9%, while in Central America and the Caribbean it grew by 3.3%.. Despite the steady growth, the pace in both regions is much slower than the global average. This indicates that it is Stronger international cooperation is needed In order to improve electricity markets and pay huge investments in those areas.