According to a recent Ember report, In 2021 10% of global energy is made up of renewable sources. Moreover, what the data of the World Electricity Review 2022 confirms is that 2 It testifies to the strong growth of wind and solar energy, which can be explained by more than a tenth of the electricity produced from these sources in fifty countries.
The report does not only mention the optimistic dynamics. There is a corresponding point Increased coal use and increased carbon dioxide emissions arising from electricity generation – the two events are interrelated. The origin of this increase? The development at a record pace of demand for electricity in the time of the epidemic.
But what is the reason for this increase in energy requirements? How is it compensated by renewable and clean energies?
Long turning process. “Wind and solar have arrived. The process that will reconfigure the current energy system has begun. In this decade it must be deployed at lightning speed to reverse rising global emissions and tackle climate changeTo say it’s Dave Jones, Ember’s global leader. He recalls the hope he is promoting of the concessions the European Union conveyed in the 2015 Paris climate agreement, which announced its intention to encourage the use of clean energy to generate much-needed electricity for member states.
In 2015 alone, wind and solar energy provided only 4.6% of global electricity. In 2020, it doubled by 9.3%. The latest available data, indicated in the report, speak of 10.3%. A real record – sure – but what bodes well is that given the trend, this achievement is destined to be surpassed in the coming years.
Looking at the geography of this progress toward clean energy, we can see that fifty countries have now passed a 10% major wind and solar power milestone, seven of which are in 2021 alone. We are talking about China, Japan, Mongolia, Vietnam, Argentina, but also Hungary and El Salvador. Moreover, if we pay attention to what the Netherlands, Australia and Vietnam are doing, it can be seen that these countries have shifted more than 8% of their total electricity demand from fossil fuels to other, more respected modes of generation in the world. Planet – all in just two years.
Not just good news. Although zero impact energies are beginning to move towards more visible use by many countries, it cannot be said that the old generation mechanisms have been set aside. In fact, we read that in the report Carbon dioxide emissions from the energy sector have also reached a record level, increasing by 7% in 2021 (seven hundred and seventy-eight million tons). We’re talking about the highest percentage since 2010 and the biggest increase in absolute values ever.
Emissions go hand in hand with the use of coal to generate energy for global needs. Coal production increased by 9% in 2021 – again we are talking about an all-time high, 2% above the previous record set in 2018. This was the largest percentage increase ever since 1985. The continent with the most participation was Asia – Where the demand for electricity went off. In this region, the countries with the highest percentages were China, with an increase of +9%, India +11%, and Mongolia, which scored up to +13%.
However, even if emissions are at an all-time high, awareness of the global shift to cleaner sources is just as clear. At the same time, it is necessary to pay attention to the rise in gas prices, which happened due to the outbreak of the war between Russia and Ukraine. In this regard, according to EMBER’s Dave Jones, “there is a real risk of relapse into coal, threatening the 1.5 degree climate target.” We hope that this will be eliminated from a long-term perspective To care for future generations and towards the health of the earth, and to invest in cleaner solutions.