DL Energia, by streamlining and simplifying bureaucratic procedures. The Decree-Law, also called the Bill, actually introduces several innovations specifically regarding abolition of bureaucracy interventions targeting the national green energy sector. First of all, regarding construction procedures for renewable plants in appropriate areas, it provides for the sworn start-up declaration (DIA) for plants up to 1 MW, the simplified procedure for those from 1 to 10 MW and the sole license for those plants. More than 10 MW. Also simplified procedure for modernization interventions for floating solar power plants with a capacity of up to 10 MW. Moreover, the possibility of building renewable plants in areas close to industrial, craft, service and logistic areas has been expanded. The decree also refers to sites where PV systems are already subject to renovation, modernization or complete reconstruction and addition of backlogs. The limited capacity of PV systems on the ground to be subject to a regional rather than state EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) is raised to 20 MW (in some cases the mandate granted is valid as a sort of urban planning tool). Direct consumption up to 10 km is also approved to develop interconnection between renewable production plants and end users. News also for agricultural plants. Indeed, in addition to removing the 10% surface limit for installation in fields, Bill DL lays out a series of measures for greenhouse efficiency, such as refurbishing greenhouse roofs with semi-transparent photovoltaic systems and introducing soilless roads into a protected environment. All with the aim of developing renewable energy systems and converting them to energy production and sharing structures. The GSE, Director of Energy Services, will also have a new role of providing a service for the collection and purchase of electricity from renewable sources. Therefore, long-term contracts will be concluded for a period of at least three years, at subsidized prices for energy-intensive companies, small and medium-sized companies, Sardinian and Sicily companies. To establish it, within three months of the law being approved, will be the Ministry of Environmental Transformation, which will also have the task of delegating hydropower after consulting with the Ministry of Sustainable Infrastructure and Mobility and agreeing with the respective region. Storage stations by pure pumping. Finally, the Energy Ordinance expands the scope of biomass (organic material produced by photosynthesis and used to produce energy) for use in biogas and biomethane production and establishes that as of 2023, the share of sustainable liquid biofuels used in purity is equal to at least 500,000 tons. The quota to be increased in the next three years by 100,000 tons per year.
Green regeneration capacity reached 3.1 TWh in 2021
Renewable energy / Photovoltaics ranked first, and wind energy ranked second
2021 saw an increase in renewable energy worldwide, which reached 3.1 TWh. This data was disclosed by IRENA, the International Renewable Energy Agency, an organization that includes the European Union and 165 other member countries. On top of renewable energy sources, photovoltaics with a share of 133 gigawatts, followed by wind. There has also been slow but steady growth in hydropower, totaling 1,230 GW. Biocapacity has also increased, going from 9.1 GW in 2020 to 10.3 GW in 2021. Data on geothermal capacity was also positive (+1.6 GW on world level). “This continued progress is further evidence of the resilience of renewable energies – said Francesco La Camera, Director General of IRENA – the excellent performance last year highlights greater opportunities for countries to reap the multiple social and economic benefits of renewable energy. However, despite the encouraging global trend, Our new projections of global energy transitions show that the energy transition is far from fast or large enough to avoid the catastrophic consequences of climate change.” Data from IRENA, an international organization that aims to promote the adoption and increased use of renewable energy sources in a sustainable development perspective, refer to the decade 2012-2021.
With the new decree, photovoltaic cells are entering historic city centers
Authorizations / If the area is not of public interest, no permits are required
The energy decree will also change the historical centers of our cities. The installation of solar PV and thermal systems in buildings located in the heart of cities and medium-sized centers in areas of no public interest would in effect be considered a “normal maintenance intervention”. Thus, requesting administrative permits and licenses, such as requesting landscaping, will not be necessary. On the other hand, if the building is located in the area of public interest, the opinion of the supervisory body is required. Relative permits are also required for villas, parks and buildings of special value, where in any case it will be possible to install integral panels in the roofs invisible from external public spaces and from panoramic points, except for roofs whose mantles are made with materials of local tradition. Not only historical centers, but also small islands will be able to change their energy needs, with the transition by 2026, from fossil fuel production plants to energy from renewable sources. Separation of geothermal energy: The task of the Ministry of Environmental Transformation will be to identify cases in which simplified licensing procedures must be applied and in which installation of this type of system can be considered a free construction activity. The decree also addresses the issue of energy efficiency in public lighting, with reference to standards and technical measures aimed at modifying the use of devices, which must be established by ministerial decision of MITE. Simplification also in the matter of expropriation for the public benefit in relation to power lines compatible with the “practice of civil use”. Finally, the energy decree stipulated, on February 16 of each year, a “National Day for Energy Saving and Sustainable Lifestyles.”