Legambiente Puglia, joint line in favor of renewable energy

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Legambianti Pugliaafter a long and joint internal discussion focused on the issue of energy as a whole, starting with the dense presence of coal and gas-fired thermal power plants in Puglia, I outlined a clear associative line and above all concrete proposals aimed at achieving effective decarbonization (ie exiting all fossil fuels, including methane) e A strong push in favor of renewable energy sources Efficiency and energy saving. A true vision of Puglia looking to a renewed future.

Terna’s intervention, which led to the February 21 auction of capacity market shares and subsequent loans, excluding new gas turbine plants, confirmed this. There is no technical justification for subsidizing new turbine gas stations. So, too, ENEL abandoned new methane-powered plant projects and decided to build new power poles from renewable energy sources in Brindisi, Civitavecchia and La Spezia.

Russia’s devastating invasion of Ukraine sparked shameful speculation and outright looting of prices for gas and other raw materials. And only these days we’ve seen a series of adsfrankly disturbing government actions and attitudes: Enhancement of coal combustion for the Brindisi and Civitavecchia electrothermal plants, construction of three new regasifiers and purchase of two floating regasifiers to be placed directly in front of Brindisi or Taranto, doubling TAP and building from Poseidon. A future that is not very renewable and not moving towards energy independence.

Today Italy consumes about a year 75 billion cubic meters of methaneAbout 30 of them are from Russia. The alternative solutions lie not in fields on Italian soil and in the sea and not in gas-to-gas regasification plants or in creating dependence on certainly non-democratic countries like Azerbaijan but in renewable sources which, according to government plans, They should have secured 8 gigawatts per year and not the current meager 0.8 gigawatts to secure the 2030 targets. Elettricità Futura, an organization of Confindustria to which companies working in the renewable energy sector belong, recently stated that it is ready to build plants from renewable sources, equivalent to 20 gigawatts per year over the next three years, reducing methane consumption by 15 billion cubic meters per year, or Eliminate dependence on Russian gas in two years.

In sun-and-wind Italy, renewables struggle to take off due to tangled bureaucracy And cumbersome, but also Blocks established by local and regional administrations, by the committees of Nimbe (not in my garden) and Nimtu (not in my state), without forgetting the role of the Ministry of Culture and the regulatory bodies. To put it in check are outdated regulations, slowness in issuing permits, discretion in EIA procedures, blocks by regulators, heterogeneous regional rules among themselves, as well as disagreements between institutions.

In Puglia, these frequent “obstacles” have hampered progress on the construction of the Taranto offshore wind farm, which was proposed in 2008 near the city’s port and which is seeing the start of work after 14 years of opposition, first by the region, the municipality and the authority. There are 396 projects across the region for power plants from renewable sources under consideration between small and large, in marginal and non-marginal areas (and some in agricultural areas as well). Among these are those in SIN (Site of National Interest) areas that are currently prohibited due to lack of risk analyzes on the agricultural land in question, for example in Brindisi.

There are many misconceptions circulating in Puglia regarding this issue which is why it is enough to see the data in detail to break everything down. In fact, in 2020 Total energy production Total Apulia is 29,543 GWh Of which: 20987 (70.7%) from thermoelectric Based on 8650 GWh (29.3) from Renewable energy (Wind, PV, and Hydro). Who is this Puglia consumes 17,210 GWh in housing and economic activities With More than (+) of production in relation to demand is equal to +11,098.2 GWh. But if from this If we remove 20,987 GWh of thermoelectric capacity, we see how the calculations add nothing and Puglia is far from covering its regional energy needs using only renewables.. more distant in contributing to Italy’s needs, especially the central north which can boast less sun and wind than the south.

Moreover, in Puglia there are old regulations that do not take into account the evolution of the current technological development, thus denying any novelty associated with the advantages of renewable systems. The Regional Environmental Energy Plan (PEAR) dated 08.06.2007 is the reference tool for planning and dealing with the energy sector in the Puglia region, but now it is so old that it is mentioned in practice only to complete the regulatory framework.

So what is Legambiente Puglia asking for?

• The region of Apulia quickly agrees to a new energy plan which has the Renewable Resources Center In order to quickly allow Get out of the thermoelectric dependence of the area and that it bears the responsibility to determine the appropriate and inappropriate areas.

• The Energy, Solidarity and Agri-energy Communities;

· you have to open projects Feasible renewables are still on hold and awaiting final permission, with design corrections where necessary, to ensure new wind farms can quickly be built, and farm cells allowing agricultural production to be combined with electricity, on public and private rooftops.

• Projects offshore wind farms In the Adriatic, submitted to the Ministry of Environmental Transformation, it is not subject to simplified procedures and the rule of environmental compatibility, but to a preventive feasibility study (and related public discussion) looking at various options and alternatives and direct and indirect environmental impacts.

• This is really used regional law n. 28 of July 13, 2017 (Law of Participation) Especially at this key stage for our country in implementing projects from renewable sources and to avoid the impacts of Nimby (not in my garden) and Nimto (not in my state).

• It is programmed New photovoltaic plants in SIN and industrial zones;

• Puglia has a good 2,522 Abandoned or abandoned quarries E, Apulia region counts LR 22/2019 Which provides for their restoration, implemented by municipalities using quarry fees. These areas will be Ideal places to develop PV projects.

• in all Industrial and commercial areas of Puglia, factories were built from renewable sources to make it autonomous and also able to pump the surplus electricity produced into the network;

• Modernization and energy efficiency in electric lines and in rail transport and the replacement of fossil fuels in public transport;

• Supporting existing and new businesses in sectors researchAnd ingredients, disposal and above all Recycle plants from renewable sources at the end of their life;

The government, the province and other interested bodies adopt agreements, investment and construction programs for the renewable energy pole instead of the thermal power plant in Brindisi Sud. Research development and creation of production chains for plant components, construction of the latter, and recovery, recycling and reuse of components (eg from silicon to lithium), with primary consideration being the short hydrogen supply chain and therefore the on-site presence used to navigate both at sea and on land.

• There is no need in Puglia Poseidon pipeline, in addition to the environmental compatibility judgment that does not refer to current analytical indicators. double TAP pipeline It does not respond at all to the declared emergency and will require revision of the EIA and the rules regarding the risks of major accidents. new Regicivir It would represent a return to a sinister past that was prevented by institutional and popular opposition and the judiciary.

• It only works in the transitional phase Gas turbine thermoelectric power plants (Enipower in Brindisi, Candela, Modogno and Taranto), and a timetable for their gradual closure and dismantling;

• A plan is developed to coordinate institutional commitments and private interventions, backed by programs such as super reward, regional energy income or business incentives, to ensure energy efficiency and the use of renewable sources in public and private buildings. As well as encouraging leveraged incentives at the regional and municipal levels, which encourage the adoption of large – medium – small energy saving systems. Do not forget about the energy saving aspect.

• Support of the government, the Apulia region and all participating institutions, even with introductory courses exerciseMaintain employment levels for electricians and associated personnel in the thermal energy sector to be transferred to production plants from renewable sources and connected supply chains, also by exploiting existing widespread skills, and by building factories in the region covering the entire production cycles mentioned.

Now Legambiente Puglia wants to start from these proposals to open up discussion and comparison with other union realities and the business world to build a common basis to engage in politics to do what it has not yet been able, or does not want to do, or to give a clear line for planning and building Puglia looks and bet on a renewed future .

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