Italy energy services plan: “Yes to oil, coal and a new gas pipeline”

It is possible to free oneself from dependence on Russian gas with a new energy policy. The government has already intensified meetings and agreements to buy gas from other countries. And now Kobasir, in the report on the consequences of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine in the field of energy security, analyzes various short and long-term scenarios that highlight possible strategies for diversifying gas supplies, given that over the past 20 years, Russian energy has accounted for more than 40% of Italian Energy Blend. It ensures that Italy, more than other European partners, has the tools to reduce its dependence on foreign countries.

“The document – which explains Cobacer’s chief, Alfredo Urso – is the result of an in-depth study that was also conducted through a cycle of targeted hearings.” Awareness arose that our country “has the resources to operate this transformation quickly with the aim of becoming, thanks to its special geographical position, the energy center of the whole of the European Union”. In the process, it is necessary to simplify the licensing procedure and build some infrastructure. “But this – explains Dorso – presupposes a different geopolitical approach for Italy and a foreign policy that guarantees the rapid release of Russian gas.” Copasir emphasizes the critical contribution that invested companies can make: Eni, which “has the advantage of owning field concessions and is involved in the research sector on nuclear fusion”, Enel, which “occupies a leading position in pursuing the goals of sustainability, innovation and the energy transition, by accelerating the production of Renewable Energy”, Snam which “prouds to lead in Europe in expanding gas transmission network and storage capacity, as well as being one of the major gas-to-gas operators on the Old Continent”, Terna “which is one of the most dynamic European operators of electricity transmission networks” . “Our country – as the report reads – is proud of its electricity transmission network, the Terna network, which is interconnected with other countries and with the southern shore of the Mediterranean, even if it needs to be strengthened and developed to be able to manage the pooling of energy produced through future integrations of renewable plants. And in At the same time, the network of gas pipelines owned by Sanam is the largest in the Mediterranean basin, the second in Europe after those operated by Gazprom and is already partially ready for the transportation of hydrogen ».

In the short and medium term, thermoelectric production from oil or coal cannot be ruled out. In the meantime, various emergency measures can be considered, with Algeria as the “first alternative”. With the recent agreement between our government and the Algerian government, the supply has been increased by 9/10 billion cubic meters per year, in addition to the already 21 imported ones, thus exploiting the maximum capacity of the Transmed gas pipeline that has been partially used until now. But to increase the level of gas from Algeria, it is hoped to build a gas pipeline that will cross Spain and France. Another small increase can be ensured by the tap gas pipeline, since the flow rate must be doubled, as well as regasification units to float gas. Copasir writes that “the first resource with concession, with the aim of changing the origin of the gas, is LNG and thus the country’s gas-to-gas regasification capacity”, which envisages interventions at the Piombino, Panigaglia and Cavarzere plants. Another possible structural intervention, which would allow 10 billion cubic meters of gas to be brought into the European grid in about four years, and could be expanded up to 20 billion cubic meters, is the Eastmed-Poseidon project, which will rely on the Mediterranean fields. Which will land the pipeline in Otranto. .

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