to me “Energy report from renewable sources in Italy“Recently published by GSE, in 2020, RES (Renewable Energy Sources) is widely used both in the electricity sector (they have covered more than 38% of total electricity consumption), and in the thermal sector (just under 20%) and in the transport sector (the relative share of renewable energy, allocated for the purpose of the sectoral target for 2020, is 10.7%), reinforcing its leading role in the Italian energy system.
The share of total energy consumption covered by the RES recorded in the year (20.4%) is higher than both the general target assigned to Italy under Directive 2009/28 / EC (RED I) for the same 2020 (17%), and in the same value recorded in 2019 (18.2 %), growth dynamics affected by the effects of the health emergency from Covid-19: against the significant stability of energy consumption from renewables (21.9 million metric tons, in line with 2019 data), the country’s total energy consumption decreased (from 120.3 to 107.6 million tons: -10.6%).
The data is commented on in the context of Conference promoted by Federmanager and orders of engineers in Bologna, Ferrara and Ravenna “Renewable energies between needs, energy transition and industrial competitivenessIt was held online on Thursday, April 21st, with about 500 participants.
Despite the outwardly encouraging numbers, in reality we do not yet have effective protection, not even from renewable energy sources, for the urgent problem of uncertainty regarding conventional energy supplies.
“Transforming energy into a reality, taking into account the short-term challenges posed to us by current geopolitical scenarios, is fundamental for Federmanager – emphasizes Roberto Petinari, responsible for the Committee on Sustainability and Infrastructure for the Environment, Territory and Energy of the Federmanager Bologna-Ferrara-Ravenna and Director of the Conference – and in recent days our association has signed a cooperation protocol with Confindustria Energia aimed at promoting actions aimed at ensuring environmental and economic and social sustainability of the ongoing changes. The central number will be the number for the power transmission managers. As our President Stefano Cosella has pointed out, a deep review and innovation of production, distribution and consumption models is in fact necessary to protect the competitiveness of industrial sectors.”
Renewable energies are an opportunity for energy independence
He shaped the situation in the current geopolitical scenario Fabio ZanelliniHead of Regulatory and Regulatory Affairs Falck Renewables – Next Solutions: “The spread of renewables can be an opportunity for the country to contribute to achieving energy independence through the availability of sustainable energy sources of stable economic value. This is a topic of great importance these days.”
“Legislative and regulatory development – continued Zanellini – supports the energy transition in this sense, particularly in the convergence between production from renewable sources and consumption, for example through new forms of energy sharing. We need to make a decisive change in licensing procedures, especially for scale stations. At the same time, work on reforming the electricity market that is able to make maximum use of renewable, diffuse storage and production solutions that are coordinated with consumption without discriminating against them.”
Focus on renewable energy sources to reduce dependence on gas
to Nicola Armaroli, CNR Director and member of the National Academy of Sciences, as well as author of Emergenza energia. We have run out of time,” it is realistic to focus decisively on renewables to change the Italian energy mix and thus reduce dependence on Russian gas. “The realization is not in the short term, but I am convinced that with a proper licensing system, renewables is a winning option . The only abundant energy resources we have in Italy and Europe are the flow of sunlight, wind, water and heat from the ground and biomass.”
“The most prepared and competitive technologies – continued Armaroli – are electrical technologies, in particular photovoltaic and wind energy. Given the Italian characteristics of insolation and landscape protection, photovoltaics are the most margins for development. The contribution of bio-methane from waste should not be underestimated: Italy can It produces at least 3 billion cubic meters annually, and some say it can reach more than 6. Given that the current consumption of natural gas is about 70, it can give us a way out of dependence on imported gas.”
The role of public bodies is essential to facilitate the transition of energy
Bergabriel AndreoliThe Director of Energy and Director of the Nonprofit Agency for Energy and Sustainable Development stressed the centrality of public bodies to facilitating the energy transition. “A pivotal role at this moment more than ever, in our experience as a regional agency that has been working for more than twenty years on these issues alongside public administrations: for the many actions that emerge, it can serve as a guide and an example.”
“Let’s take the energy communities, in the spotlight at the moment. Municipalities can be actors as drivers and active participants, also and above all by communicating, explaining the resulting benefits to citizens, industries and business entities: on the one hand, the increase in renewables to achieve decarbonization goals , and on the other hand an economic advantage dealing with rising energy costs. It will soon become a reality: the regulatory framework is being finalized at the national level and many regions are legislating, including Emilia Romagna. The full picture should arrive by summer and immediately after that we will start with their constitution” .
Emilia-Romagna, Energy Plan to 2030 and Energy Communities Bill
Morena DiazyDirector General of Knowledge, Research, Action and Institutions in the Emilia-Romagna Region, spoke about regional energy policies: “Today’s energy scenario presents complex challenges and goals in rapid transformation, both in relation to the great topic of combating climate change, both in relation to the development of renewables and the current energy crisis. The Emilia-Romagna region aims to significantly increase energy efficiency and cover more and more consumption with renewable sources and local energy.”
Only these days – continued Diazzi – in line with the commitments made in the “Climate Action Charter”, the proposal for a “three-year implementation plan 2022-2024” for the “Regional Energy Plan 2030” and the important bill for energy communities, namely Two essential tools, the implementation of which will provide public and private investments of more than 8.5 billion euros in the three-year period 2022-2024. To activate transformation processes in the field of energy and the environment, it is necessary to involve the entire regional community, from public administrations to businesses and professions, down to the world of research and training. “
Emilia-Romagna: A Leading Role in the Energy Transition
During the conference, the participants’ attention was drawn to some concrete projects of the energy transition in Emilia Romagna, “a region that can only play a leading role in this new global challenge, due to its strong productive and industrial fabric.”
to confirm it Claudio FiorentiniEnel Italia, Head of Corporate Affairs Northern Region. “With this in mind, we have identified projects that span the entire value chain: additional environmental and efficiency improvement for the La Casella and Porto Corsini plants, a significant number of renewable plants along with storage plants and in parallel with significant investments in the electricity grid to enable new production models and electrification of consumption” .
“A central role – said Fiorentini – will also be played by sustainable mobility, both private and public: today there are about 600 charging infrastructures already active in the region but we are aiming for a significant acceleration that will allow us to exit from a pioneering stage to move into the new era in which electric mobility will become collective.”
District heating, green gas, energy efficiency, photovoltaics
Christian FabryManaging Director of Hera Comm SpA, finally explained the activities of the Hera Group on production from renewable sources, which are aimed at reusing resources in the circular economy system: “More than 90,000 equivalent apartments are heated by district heating, and 70% of the distributed distributions Heat is geothermal heat, waste heat, or generated heat.”
“We then get bio-methane from the organic waste component – Fabbri continued – 8 million cubic meters in the active plant in the province of Bologna, and from the waste that does not go to material recovery, we produce approximately 700 GWh of electricity in the waste – to power plants Moreover, we are developing innovative green hydrogen production projects and installing photovoltaic systems in all our production plants with appropriate characteristics and dimensions.”
“For years – continued Fabbri – we have been helping our customers, from large businesses to families including condominiums and protected areas, to reduce carbon emissions through energy efficiency and self-production: more than 200,000 TOEs have been saved. In the industrial plan, we will continue to invest in these hubs, too. Thanks to PNRR’s contributions, we will increase the percentage of our 3.5 million customers who, with our support, will reduce their carbon footprint.”